Each week we webcast Lord's Day Sabbath School at 10a, morning public worship at 11a, and p.m. singing and sermon at 2:30p (sermon at 3:30); and the Weds. Prayer Meeting at 6:30p

Saturday, August 07, 2021

2021.08.07 Hopewell @Home ▫ Luke 21:37–22:7

Read Luke 21:37–22:7

Questions from the Scripture text: What was Jesus doing during the daytimes (Luke 21:37a)? What did he do at night (verse 37b)? What would happen early again in the morning (Luke 21:38)? What drew near in Luke 22:1? Who sought how to do what (Luke 22:2)? Why did they have to figure out a way to do this? What development does Luke 22:3 bring? Among whom had Judas been numbered? Where does Judas go in Luke 22:4, and what does he do? How do the chief priests and officials feel about this (Luke 22:5)? What do they agree to do? What does Judas do in Luke 22:6? What does he now seek?

The Lord is in control to bring about His salvation: “the Passover must be killed.” In the passage, we see the world, the devil, and the flesh rage. But all are being employed by God to bring His salvation.

The world rages, here represented in the chief priests and scribes, who are eager to destroy Jesus (cf. Luke 20:19). The dynamic in Luke 21:37–38 sets up the difficulty for them. Jesus is spending His evenings at Bethany, at the top of the Mount of Olives, about two miles northwest of the temple. But during the day, He was teaching in the temple to large crowds. The influence and power of the religious leaders is an illusion. “They feared the people” (Luke 22:2). When the world rages, let us remember that it has always done so against Christ, and that He employed its raging even to bring about our salvation.

The devil rages. Satan entered Judas in Luke 22:3. It’s a bold move for him to target one of the twelve. But as the book of Job makes clear, the devil is only able to do as much as the Lord has foreordained for His own good purposes.  The effect on Judas is dreadful; suddenly he is actively opposing Christ, even entering into the counsels of His enemies as they collaborate upon the betrayal. A bold and seemingly effective move. The devil continues to rage today. He is bold to attack via those who seem to be something in the church. He is permitted to affect them dreadfully. But let us remember that this is not new. The Lord brought even the salvation of all the elect through the raging of the devil.

The flesh rages. There is the murderousness of the fleshly natures of Jesus’s enemies in Luke 22:2, which has the disgusting effect of making them glad in Luke 22:5. And there is the covetousness of Judas’s fleshly nature in verse 5, for which he is willing to take the blood money. When we find hostility or greed in our own hearts, let us identify them as enemies of the Lord and of our souls, and set ourselves to battle against them. But let us not think that even our own sin—or that of any of our enemies—can undo the good and saving purposes of Christ. Clinging to Him, we engage with confident joy in our battle against the flesh. 

The Passover must be killed. God has determined to save His people from the death that they deserve by covering them with atoning blood. Jesus has come as the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world. Along the way, there is the horrible raging of the world, the devil, and the flesh. But these are under the control of the God Who is using them to bring about the application of that redemption which Christ has accomplished.

Are you covered by the blood of the Lamb? What enemies rage against His applying to you the benefits of that redeeming blood? How does this passage help remind you that God uses those enemies for your good?

Suggested songs: ARP2 “Why Do Gentile Nations Rage” or TPH196 “At the Lamb’s High Feast”

Friday, August 06, 2021

2021.08.06 Hopewell @Home ▫ Philippians 4:10–13

Read Philippians 4:10–13

Questions from the Scripture text: What did the apostle do (Philippians 4:10)? In Whom? How much? Why—what has flourished again? What does he acknowledge about their care in the in-between time? But what had they lacked? What is he careful to say that he is not implying about himself (Philippians 4:11a)? What has he learned, and under what conditions (verse 11b)? What two things does he know how (rightly) to do (Philippians 4:12a)? And in what places and circumstances to do what two pairs of things (verse 12b)? How does he summarize these things in Philippians 4:13? Through Whom can he do them? How does being in Christ equip him to be content when suffering/brought low and when abounding?

The Philippians had apparently been champing at the bit to do something for Paul, but they just didn’t have any opportunity (Philippians 4:10c). This was in part because the apostle didn’t ordinarily see himself as needy (cf. Philippians 4:11-12). For the Philippians to be ever-ready to give, what the apostle says of himself would have had to be true of them, too.

I wonder if it is true of you, dear reader? Are you so content with Christ, that you don’t truly need anything but Him? Even if it means being “abased” and “hungry” and “suffering need” (Philippians 4:12)? It’s a tall order, but Christ is taller still. The Christian can quickly discover that compared to Christ, everything else taken together is a comparative pile of refuse (cf. Philippians 3:8). 

O to know that Christ is all! Then, we are enabled by Christ’s strengthening to be content in every situation like the apostle (cf. Philippians 4:13). Or, we are enabled to be generous the first moment that we get, like the Philippians (cf. Philippians 4:10). If we feel no need to cling to the things of this world, then we can take the opportunity for generosity when it arises. Otherwise, we will end up reasoning that we had wanted to be generous, but it didn’t end up being a good time. Indeed, if Christ is everything to us, then He “strengthens” (Philippians 4:13) us to be content and serve the Lord, regardless of the details of our circumstances.

If we have a hard time giving generously to others, or if we feel embittered that others are not giving generously to us, that is a good indicator that we have not learned the secret of contentment: to be so satisfied with Christ that any other neediness or hardship is not just tolerable, but even welcome, if we could only have Him!

What do you worry most about needing? What effect would increased contentment in Christ have upon this? How can you go about seeking that contentment?

Suggested songs: ARP73C “Yet Constantly, I Am With You” or TPH73C “In Sweet Communion, Lord, with Thee”

Thursday, August 05, 2021

True Help for True Grief (Family Worship lesson in 2Samuel 18:33–19:8)

How does God show mercy to David in his intense grief? Pastor leads his family in today's "Hopewell @Home" passage. 2Samuel 18:33–19:8 prepares us for the second serial reading in the morning public worship on the coming Lord's Day. In these nine verses of holy Scripture, the Holy Spirit teaches us that when our grief is intense, we need to see that we still have the Lord Himself, so that we will not be blind either to all of the blessings that He continues unto us (Him Himself, most of all!), or to the pains of others to whom we ought to be ministering. For David, the Lord gives this sight especially by giving him a true friend who will remind him of this truth, and a soft heart to be able to listen to his friend.
(click audio title in player for a page where you can download mp3/pdf files of this lesson)

2021.08.05 Hopewell @Home ▫ 2 Samuel 18:33–19:8

Read 2 Samuel 18:33–19:8

Questions from the Scripture text: What effect does the Cushite’s news have upon the king (2 Samuel 18:33)? Where does he go? What does he do there? And what does he say as he goes? What does he say he wishes had happened? Who is told about this in 2 Samuel 19:1? Who else were mourning (2 Samuel 19:2)? How had victory changed into that? What were the people doing as they returned (2 Samuel 19:3)? Like what sort of people? But what was their king still doing (2 Samuel 19:4)? And saying? With what sort of speech and voice? Who comes to the king in 2 Samuel 19:5? What does Joab say he is doing to his servants? And what had the servants done for whom? In the beginning of 2 Samuel 19:6, how does Joab summarize the king’s actions? What does he say David is not regarding? What does he say would have well-pleased David? What does Joab command the king to do in 2 Samuel 19:7? By whom does Joab now swear? What does he swear will happen? With what effect? What does the king now do in 2 Samuel 19:8? Who hear of it? What do they do? Why are David’s people free to do this (end of verse 8)?

What a gift an honest friend is! The Lord had given David and his men victory and vengeance over Absalom. But David’s sluggish heart threatened to undo them. His life had become about his own objectives, as he grieved over what he had to lose for the Lord’s kingdom to be preserved.

That should (probably?) sound familiar.  How often, our priorities have been about those other things that we are unwilling to give up rather than about the glory of Christ’s Name in the salvation of Christ’s people. 

Family can be the hardest of all. In Luke 14:26, Christ says, “If anyone comes to Me and does not hate his father and mother, wife and children, brothers and sisters, yes, and his own life also, he cannot be My disciple.” For David, he couldn’t endure the loss of his son. So many of us have a hard time giving up entertainment, or wicked companions, sports team allegiances, property or possessions, etc. But some of us (many of us?) do actually have to suffer the loss of family (or at least their love). 

When we are having a hard time clinging to the Lord and rejoicing over His goodness, it is a great mercy when He sends us a friend like Joab was to David. Absalom has been eliminated, and David’s power as king has been consolidated. But Joab stands up to him. Indeed, Joab gives him the rebuke of his life in 2 Samuel 19:5-6 and the warning of his life in 2 Samuel 19:7. If we are ever in a situation where our hearts are paralyzed by a secondary allegiance like David’s was, may the Lord send us a friend with the honesty and courage of Joab!

And, if we have a dear one who needs heart and mind set back upon Christ, and Christ’s kingdom, may the Lord make us gracious by His Spirit, wise by His Spirit, and courageous by His Spirit to call our dear one back to Him!

What are you in danger of not being able to give up for Christ? Who is likely to be the one God uses to help you correct your priorities? Whom might you likely have to help some day? 

Suggested Songs: ARP119W “Lord, Let My Cry Before You Come” or TPH446 “Be Thou My Vision”


Wednesday, August 04, 2021

God Glorified by Saving Sufferers: How 'All Things for Good' Forms Our Prayers (2021.08.04 Prayer Meeting lesson in Psalm 25:12–22)

When the Lord has given us to fear Him, we know that He is giving us all other good things, and we are emboldened to plead to Him the greatness of our suffering. For, He Who is much glorified in saving great sinners is also much glorified in saving them from great suffering.
(click audio title in player for a page where you can download mp3/pdf files of this lesson)

Heard, Seen, and Known by the Holy God (Family Worship lesson in Exodus 2:23–3:9)

What do we need most, if we're going to be delivered from suffering? Pastor leads his family in today's "Hopewell @Home" passage. Exodus 2:23–3:9 prepares us for the first serial reading in the morning public worship on the coming Lord's Day. In these twelve verses of holy Scripture, the Holy Spirit teaches us that to be delivered from suffering, what we need most is safety from our holy God. He hears all our cries, and He sees all that we go through, and He knows our situation not from a distance but as the One Who has brought us near to Himself by covenant. It is the Christ of that covenant Who, by His blood, has made us safe in the presence of the holy God. Now, the holiness of God demands that we be delivered at last from all our sufferings.
(click audio title in player for a page where you can download mp3/pdf files of this lesson)

2021.08.04 Hopewell @Home ▫ Exodus 2:23–3:9

Read Exodus 2:23–3:9

Questions from the Scripture text: What happened after Moses had been in Midian for 40 years (Exodus 2:23, cf. Acts 7:23, Acts 7:30; Exodus 7:7)? What were the children of Israel still doing at that point? Up to where did their cry come? How does Exodus 2:24 indicate that God is about to ask? What does it say about Him that He is affected by their groaning? What does it say about Him that He remembered His covenant? With whom had this covenant been made that He now responds to and acts upon? Upon whom did God look (Exodus 2:25a)? What else did God do (verse 25b)? What was Moses still doing (Exodus 3:1)? Where did he lead the flock? To what did he come? What would this mountain come to be called? Who appears to him in Exodus 3:2? In what did He appear? From the midst of what? What did Moses see happening in the bush? What did he not see? What does Moses say in Exodus 3:3? Who is it that sees Moses turning aside in Exodus 3:4? Who calls to him? From where? How does God call? How does Moses answer? What does God tell Moses not to do in Exodus 3:5? What does He tell him to do? Why? How does God now identify Himself in Exodus 3:6? Now what does Moses do? Why? Who does Exodus 3:7 say is speaking now? What does Yahweh say He has seen? What does He call the children of Israel? What has Yahweh heard? What does Yahweh know? What does Yahweh say He has done (Exodus 3:8)? To do what from where? And to bring them to what kind of land? But who dwells in that land? How does Exodus 3:9a dovetail with Exodus 2:23? How does Exodus 3:9b dovetail with Exodus 2:25?

God hears, sees, and knows His people, but all in accordance with His covenant. And we are to know Him, in accordance with His holiness.

God hears. In Exodus 2:23, they’re groaning and crying, and it doesn’t even say that they are crying out to God. Still, their cry came up to God. He heard (Exodus 2:24) their groaning. In Exodus 3:7, Yahweh tells Moses that He has heard their cry. In Exodus 3:9, He says “the cry of the children of Israel has come to Me.” The Lord pays attention to us. He hears our groans and cries. 

God sees. Exodus 2:25 tells us that God looked upon the children of Israel, and again in Exodus 3:7, Yahweh says, “I have surely seen the oppression.” Then in Exodus 3:9, He says, “I have also seen the oppression with which the Egyptians oppress them.” In Exodus 2:12, Moses had “looked this way and that way, and when he saw no one, he killed the Egyptian.” The fact that he hid him in the sand may mean that Moses was looking to know if anyone would find him out. But it is also possible that Moses’s looking was in the sense of Isaiah 63:5—looking to see if there was anyone else to save, and when he saw none, he intervened. In either of these cases, Moses would have been wrong. There is someone who saw him: the Lord. There is someone who could save Israel: the Lord. We may feel that we, or someone else, is unnoticed. But this would be a great mistake: the Lord sees.

God knows. (and remembers!). The end of Exodus 2:25 literally says, “and God knew.” In the original, the verb has no object. The end of Exodus 3:7 may supply it, “for I know their pain.” But it seems more likely that the “knowing” in Exodus 2:25 is broader. For, He is remembering His covenant. He is as much their God as He has been the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob (Exodus 2:24). He calls them the children of Israel in Exodus 3:9 (cf. Exodus 2:23), but even more personally, “My people” in Exodus 3:7.

This explains the way He uses Moses’s name in Exodus 3:4. It’s like if a stranger (or so you thought) calls you out by name, and then reveals how close he had been with your daddy (Exodus 3:6). Except in this case, it is the living God Himself who is expressing this near familiarity with Moses. He calls to him, “Moses, Moses” (Exodus 3:4) because “I am the God of your father” (Exodus 3:6). With confidence in Christ’s blood, we have good hope that He is remembering not our sins but His covenant.

What we must know: God’s holiness. Moses was going to have to stand up against Pharaoh and all of the power of Egypt, and then later against the entire nation of Israel. It was of utmost importance that he learn the fear of the Lord from the holiness of the Lord. And this was the first lesson. 

The angel of Yahweh appears in the flame from the midst of the bush. This is another situation where a messenger of Yahweh (Exodus 3:2) is actually Yahweh Himself (Exodus 3:4). His presence makes the bush holy, so the very first thing he says is to remove his sandals. Even for shepherds in the wilderness, awareness of God’s holiness is more necessary preparation than proper footwear.

Now, this can be a dreadful thing: the burningly holy God hears and sees and knows us! But, the word of Exodus 3:8 stands upon the righteousness and sacrifice of Christ: “I have come down to deliver.” Indeed, His salvation is all the more marvelous precisely because of the greatness of His holiness. The “I have come down to deliver” from verse 8 has the same ring to it as “For God did not send His Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world through Him might be saved” (John 3:17). 

This holy God remembers not our sin but His covenant, as He hears us and sees us and knows us!

What difference does the holiness of God make in how you approach Him? How does it help you to relate to others and to difficulties, when you remember that He hears and sees and knows you?

Suggested songs: ARP25A “To You I Lift My Soul” or TPH230 “Holy, Holy Holy”

Tuesday, August 03, 2021

Confidence from God's Claiming His Own Name upon Us (Family Worship lesson in Psalm 25:1–11)

What’s at stake in our deliverance and sanctification? Pastor leads his family in today’s “Hopewell @Home” passage. Psalm 25:1–11 prepares us for the opening portion of the morning public worship on the coming Lord’s Day. In these eleven verses of holy Scripture, the Holy Spirit teaches us to call upon God as One Who has invested the glory of His Name in delivering us and sanctifying us. Thus, we gain confidence in all circumstances and motivation against all sin as we call upon His Name.(click audio title in player for a page where you can download mp3/pdf files of this lesson)

2021.08.03 Hopewell @Home ▫ Psalm 25:1–9

Read Psalm 25:1–9

Questions from the Scripture text: To whom does David lift what (Psalm 25:1)? What does he call Yahweh in Psalm 25:2? What does he declare toward God? What does he ask concerning himself? What does he ask concerning his enemies? What does he ask concerning others who wait upon the Lord (Psalm 25:3)? Whom does he ask God to put to shame? What does he ask of the Lord in Psalm 25:4a? And in verse 4b? And what two things in Psalm 25:5a? What does he call Yahweh in verse 5b? What does he say that he does to Yahweh in verse 5c? What does he ask Yahweh to remember in Psalm 25:6? What reason does he give? What things are very serious, but not as old (Psalm 25:7a)? What doesn’t he want God to remember? According to what, instead, would he like to be remembered (verse 7b)? For whose/what’s sake (verse 7c)? What does he say about the Lord in Psalm 25:8a? What does Yahweh do, as a result of this goodness and uprightness (verse 8b)? Whom does the Lord guide (Psalm 25:9a)? In what? Whom does He teach (verse 9b)? What does He teach them? What are His paths (Psalm 25:10a)? To whom (verse 10b)? To what motivation does Psalm 25:11a appeal? For what does verse 11b ask? What is it about David’s iniquity that he presents as a reason for Yahweh to pardon it?

Next week’s Call to Worship, Prayer for Help, Song of Adoration, and Prayer of Confession all come from Psalm 25:1–11, so that we will see that we are singing God’s thoughts after Him with Lord, I Lift My Soul to Thee. We don’t just need instruction in righteousness; we need to be made righteous; and, we need to be forgiven for it even to be right for us to be instructed in righteousness, or for it to be right for us to be made righteous.

The Lord’s Name is at stake in vindicating those who wait upon HimPsalm 25:1-3. David’s not just praying for himself as someone who waits upon Yahweh (Psalm 25:1-2Psalm 25:20-21) but for everyone who does (Psalm 25:3, cf. Psalm 25:22). The question is: in the end, who will be ashamed; who will be defeated and destroyed? If enemies end up triumphing over believers, it will bring shame upon God’s Name. 

We need to be taught and ledPsalm 25:4-5. David knows that in himself, he would bring dishonor upon his God not only from weakness but especially from wickedness. If he is to keep from doing so, he needs God not only to teach him by showing (Psalm 25:4) but by leading (Psalm 25:5). There is nowhere else to go for righteousness, so not only does he wait upon God, but he does so “all the day.” God is his only hope of salvation.

Therefore, we need to be forgivenPsalm 25:6-7. What can David plead before God as a reason that God would show him righteousness and lead him in righteousness? There is nothing good in David. He must instead plead something in God. God’s compassions. God’s lovingkindnesses. Those characteristics of God are “from ages”; He set them upon us from outside of time, and nothing in time can undo them. David’s sins and transgressions have been from his youth (Psalm 25:7a), so his request is to be remembered according to Yahweh’s steadfast love and goodness (verse 7b–c).

Hope in the Lord is well-placed, for He exalts Himself by pardoning sinnersPsalm 25:8-11. The Psalmist switches from second person “You/Your” to third person “He/His” as he goes from pleading with the Lord to declaring the Lord’s character. He is good and upright (Psalm 25:8a); His paths are steadfast love and faithfulness (Psalm 25:10a). So, we come to Him in submission and obedience—lowly as those who are needy and yielding to the Lord’s agenda, not proudly pursuing our own. It is sinners whom He teaches, the humble whom He guides, the humble whom He teaches.

Our temptation is to come to the Lord as if there is something special about us that demands His goodness. But it is not something about us, but something about Him. 

Our temptation is to cry, “Pardon my iniquity, for it is small.” But the fact of the matter is that our iniquity is very great. Yet, God exalts His character in pardoning sin; He pardons it for His Name’s sake (Psalm 25:11a). 

So, the greater the sin from which we turn to Him, and the greater the guilt which He overcomes, the greater is the praise that He receives by pardoning us. What a glorious, gracious God we have, with Whom “for it is great” is something upon which to plead “pardon my iniquity!”

Why should God forgive you? How can you be sure that your hope will not be put to shame?

 Suggested songs: ARP25A “To You I Lift My Soul” or TPH481 “Lord, I Lift My Soul to Thee”

Monday, August 02, 2021

2021.08.02 Hopewell @Home ▫ Philippians 4:8–9

Read Luke 21:20–36

Questions from the Scripture text: What will apostles see where (Luke 21:20)? What will they know? Where will some of them be at the time (Luke 21:21a)? What should they do? And where will others be (verse 21b)? What should they do? What shouldn’t those who are out in the country do (verse 21c)? What days will those be (Luke 21:22)? As part of fulfilling what? What will make it much harder (Luke 21:23a)? Upon what people will there be great wrath (verse 23b)? What will happen to that people (Luke 21:24a)? And what will happen to what city (verse 24b)? Until what time? What happens at the fulfillment (Luke 21:25)? And how will men respond (Luke 21:26)? What will they see in this fear (Luke 21:27)? But how will believers respond (Luke 21:28)? Then what does He start speaking to them in Luke 21:29? With what command does He begin this parable? What are they able to tell from all the trees (Luke 21:30)? What primary thing that He told them that they would see (Luke 21:31a, cf. Luke 21:20a), and what would this mean is near (Luke 21:31b, cf. end of Luke 21:24)? By when should they expect all things they are told to see to take place (Luke 21:32)? What will pass away (Luke 21:33)? What won’t? In light of all this information, to what must they take heed (Luke 21:34)? To avoid being weighed down with which three things? If they are weighed down by those things, what would come upon them suddenly? Who will not be able to escape that moment (Luke 21:35)? What two things must they do (Luke 21:36)? At what times? By what does escape come? For what else would they be “counted worthy” (cf. Luke 20:35)?

The day is coming when the snare will be triggered, and all who dwell on the face of the whole earth will be caught in it (Luke 21:35). But Christ is unto us a Prophet by Whose instruction the apostles were sustained in their testimony, even unto death (Luke 21:12-19). And Christ is unto us a Prophet by Whose instruction believers in Judea and Jerusalem survived the Roman annihilation of that city and all who were in it (Luke 21:20-24). 

That which would be otherwise dreadful, He illustrates with spring and summer tree blossoms (Luke 21:29-30), teaching us to look with hope (Luke 21:31) upon that which others meet with dread: it is the advance of His kingdom. The things that He said would come to pass in that generation did indeed come to pass in that generation (Luke 21:32), so that we might be all the more encouraged about the absolute reliability of His Words (Luke 21:33).

So, when Christ tells us that all of the signs that come throughout the times of the Gentiles (Luke 21:24-26) will be eclipsed by the arrival of the Son Himself (Luke 21:27), we pay attention to what He tells us to do. For, we know that He is instructing us unto our preservation and salvation. He is teaching us how to live in such a way that what makes other men’s hearts fail them (Luke 21:26) are the very things that fortify our own hearts so that with uplifted heads we can receive Christ as One Who arrives with our redemption (Luke 21:28).

And upon what does He tell us to focus? Taking heed to ourselves, and especially our hearts (Luke 21:34a). Living not for earthly pleasures or cares, but for the Lord before Whom we hope to stand. Just as the apostles and others in the apostolic church were “counted worthy to escape all these things” that came to pass, those who rest upon Christ, and hold to His Words, and live for Him will find that in Christ they are counted worthy “to stand before the Son of Man.” Hallelujah!

What cares threaten to weigh you down? What pleasures tempt you to seek after them instead of pleasing Christ? How much do you think about living before Him now, and what does this say about your being able to stand before Him then?

Suggested songs: ARP98 “O Sing a New Song ” or TPH446 “Be Thou My Vision”

Sunday, August 01, 2021

Meditation upon and Application of the Word of the God of the Peace (2021.08.01 Evening Sermon in Philippians 4:8–9)

The Lord's glorious Word is to be material for controlling the internal conversation of our hearts and minds, so that we may be transformed by it to offer our bodies as living sacrifices.(click audio title in player for a page where you can download mp3/pdf files of this lesson)

Living as One Whose Worthiness, Hope, and Joy Is the Christ Who Will Return (2021.08.01 Morning Sermon in Luke 21:20–36)

Christ’s warnings have proved true, and His counsel proved sound; now, He urges us to live as those who could be before His glorious presence at any moment.

(click audio title in player for a page where you can download video/mp3/pdf files of this lesson)

WCF 15.3.3, No Expectation of Pardon without Repentance unto Life (2021.08.01 Sabbath School lesson in Luke 13:1–9 and Acts 17:22–31)

"yet is it of such necessity to all sinners, that none may expect pardon without it."
▫ All of humanity split into two groups: those who repent and those who perish.
▫ God surrounds us and bombards us with reminders of the necessity of repentance.
▫ We are God's "trees" in God's "ground," so we owe Him to live for Him in the manner that He says.
▫ God gives especially those in His church abundant helps unto repentance.
▫ Without life and fruit-bearing granted unto our souls, church members will not repent; many don't; many perish.
▫ We are God's creatures and God's "offspring," so we owe Him to live for Him in the manner that He says.
▫ The purpose of the time and place appointed for you is that you would seek the Lord.
▫ God punishes nations for idolatry now in a way from which He had previously refrained.
▫ These punishments on nations come in order, in part, to warn every individual in the world that they will stand before Jesus at His judgment.(click audio title in player for a page where you can download mp3/pdf files of this lesson)